Asia Association of Education and Exchange

Sunday, September 21, 2014

Buddhist art (C.600 BC-AD700)

Buddhist art (C.600 BC-AD700)
Buddhism and its arts have existed for more than 2.500 years. In about 600-500 BC, Indian artist began creating iconography and symbolism to spread Buddha’s teachings. Within 600 years, Buddhist artists were using ideas they had absorbed from Roman artists.
Buddhist art was all about illustrating the story of Buddha and explaining events from the experiences of Siddhartha Gautama, a spiritual teacher who founded Buddhism. The religion spread from northern India across central, Eastern and South East Asia. In the earliest Buddhist art, Buddha was not represented in human form. Instead, his presence was indicated by a sign such as the lotus flower, footprints, an empty seat or space beneath a parasol, Artists originally created stylized, flat-looking paintings and reliefs.
The first image of Buddha in human form was carved around the end ò the first century AD in an area of India known as Gandhara. The art that developed there was clearly inspired by Greek and Roman art as the Buddha was portrayed realistically and usually with curly hair, resembling Roman images of Apolo. In other parts of India, artists began creating their own styles and individual interpretations of Buddha. Gandharan art influenced the sculpture of Mathura, a city in northern India and the ideas spread to part of China, Korea and Japan.
As Buddhism spread through Asia, as well as different artistic styles and interpretations of Buddha, various symbols were shared across cultures. Some of these became distinctly different, while other aspects were the same as each other. Colors and hand gestures were two particular areas of symbolism that became incorporated into the art of various countries. Colors also have universal meanings in Buddhist art: 5 colors of white, yellow, red, blue and green were believed to assist spiritual transformations if viewers meditated on the individual colors, so they frequently appeared in the Buddhist of various countries.

No comments:

Post a Comment